Richard Sidney Hickox, CBE(5 March 1948 – 23 November 2008) was an English conductor of choral, orchestral and operatic music.
Hickox was born in Stokenchurchin Buckinghamshire into a musical family. After attending the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombefrom 1959 to 1966, he studied at the Royal Academy of Musicin London from 1966 to 1967, then was an organ scholarat Queens' College, Cambridgefrom 1967 to 1970.
In 1967, while his father was Vicar of Wooburn, Buckinghamshire, Hickox founded the Wooburn Festival and eventually became its President. The Festival still takes place and features music, drama and the visual arts. Hickox also founded the Wooburn Singers and continued as conductor until succeeded by Stephen Jackson.
From 1970 to 1971 Hickox was Director of Music at Maidenhead Grammar School (later Desborough School). He founded the City of London Sinfoniain 1971, remaining music director until his death, and also founded the Richard Hickox Singers and Orchestra in the same year. The Richard Hickox Singers are featured on Kate Bush's album Hounds of Loveon the song "Hello Earth"; The choral section is the Georgian folk song "Tsintskaro" .He was the director of music at the St. EndellionMusic Festival from 1972 to 2008.
In 1972, aged 24, he was appointed Martin Neary's successor as organist and master of music at St. Margaret's, Westminster(the church of the Houses of Parliament), subsequently adding the directorships of the London Symphony Chorus(1976) and Bradford Festival Choral Society(1978). From 1982 to 1990, he served as Artistic Director of the Northern Sinfonia. He was Associate Guest Conductor of the London Symphony Orchestrafrom 1985 until his death. He was Chorus Director of the London Symphony Chorusfrom 1976 to 1991, with whom he premiered The Three Kingsby Peter Maxwell Daviesin 1995. He premiered A Dance on the Hillin 2005, by the same composer. His repertoire included over 100 first performances.
In 1990, he co-founded the baroque orchestraCollegium Musicum 90with Simon Standage. For five years, Hickox was Music Director of the Spoleto Festival, Italy. From 2000 to 2006, he was Principal Conductor of the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, thereafter becoming its Conductor Emeritus. He became the Music Director of Opera Australiain 2005. In this role he conducted the Australian premieres of The Love for Three Oranges, Rusalka, and Arabella(which won 2008's prestigious Helpmann Awardfor Best Opera).
He collaborated on new productions of The Tales of Hoffmannand Alcina. CD recordings of The Love for Three Orangesand Rusalkahave been released by Chandos and received very positive reviews in the international and local press. Hickox also led major revivals, including Tannhäuser, Death in Venice, Giulio Cesare, Billy Budd, and Janáček's The Makropulos Affair.
In recent years, the Australian opera singers Fiona Janes and Bruce Martin, formerly featured with Opera Australia, had left the organisation and criticised Hickox and Opera Australia for perceived declines in artistic standards since the start of Hickox's tenure.
Hickox was contracted as Opera Australia's music director through to 2012 at the time of his death in November 2008.
Hickox was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire(CBE) in the 2002 Queen's Birthday Honours.His recording repertoire concentrated on British music, in which he made a number of recording premieres for Chandos Records(he made over 280 recordings for this company). In 1997 he won the Grammy Award for Best Opera Recordingfor his recording of Britten's Peter Grimes.
He garnered five Gramophone Awards: for recordings of Benjamin Britten's War Requiem(1992); Frederick Delius's Sea Drift(1994); William Walton's Troilus and Cressida(1995); the original 1913 version of Ralph Vaughan Williams' A London Symphony(2001 Record of the Year and Best Orchestral Disc); and Charles Villiers Stanford's Songs of the Sea(2006 Editor's Choice). He made only the second recording of Delius's Requiem(1996).
He was awarded a Doctorate of Music at Durham Universityin 2003; and was an Honorary Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge. He received two Royal Philharmonic SocietyMusic Awards, the first Sir Charles GrovesAward, the Evening StandardOpera Award, and the Association of British Orchestras Award. He was also President of the Elgar Society.
On 23 November 2008, during a recording session of Holst's First Choral Symphonyfor Chandos, Hickox was taken ill and died in Swanseafrom a dissectingthoracicaneurysm.He had been scheduled to conduct a new production of Vaughan Williams' Riders to the Seaat English National Operalater that month.
A memorial service was held at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 26 November 2008, with music conducted by Sir David Willcocks.A service of Thanksgiving took place in St Paul's Cathedral, London on 12 March 2009.
Hickox was married three times.In 1970 he married Julia Smith and they divorced in 1976.
His second marriage to Frances Sheldon-Williams produced a son, Tom, and also ended in divorce. His third marriage was to the contralto Pamela Helen Stephen, and produced two children, Adam and Abigail. His widow and three children survive him.