Overview

Zacharia Petres dze Paliashvili , (1871–1933) was a Georgian composer. Regarded as one of the founders of the Georgian classical music, his work is known for its eclectic fusion of folk songs and stories with 19th century Romantic classical themes.

Biography

Zacharia Petres dze Paliashvili(Georgian: ზაქარია ფალიაშვილი, Zakaria Paliaşvili), also known as Zachary Petrovich Paliashvili (Russian: Захарий Петрович Палиашви́ли, Zacharij Petrovič Paliašvili), (1871–1933) was a Georgian composer. Regarded as one of the founders of the Georgian classical music, his work is known for its eclectic fusion of folk songs and stories with 19th century Romantic classical themes. He was the founder of the Georgian Philharmonic Society and later, the head of the Tbilisi State Conservatoire. The Georgian National Opera and Ballet Theater of Tbilisi was named in his honor in 1937. Notably, Paliashvili's music serves as the basis of the National Anthem of Georgia.

Although Paliashvili has composed works for symphony orchestra (e.g., Georgian Suite on Folk Themes), he is probably best known for his vocal music, which includes operas Abesalom da Eteri (based on a folk tale "Eteriani"), Daisi (Twilight), and Latavra.

Works

Operas

all premiered in Tbilisi
  • Abesalom da Eteri Absalom and Eteri—4 acts, libretto by P. Mirianashvili, after Eteriani (1909–18; premiered 1919)
  • Daisi Twilight—3 acts, libretto by V. Gunia, after poems by Shota Rustaveli, Nikoloz Baratashvili, Akvsenti Tsereteli and Vazha-Pshavela (1923, premiered 1923)
  • Latavra – 4 acts, libretto after a play by S. Shanshiashvili (1927, premiered 1928)

Choral

  • Mass (E major?), for chorus and organ (1900)
  • "Dges mertskhali" Today a Swallow (Akaki Tsereteli), for chorus (1908)
  • "Mravalzhamieri" Many Years of Life (P. Mirianashvili), for tenor, chorus, and orchestra (1908)
  • Kartuli liturgia Georgian Liturgy (1911) – adaptation of the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, in Georgian and in Russian Church Slavonic], for a capella chorus
  • Sazejmo kantata Solemn Cantata on the 10th anniversary of the October Revolution, for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra (1927)
  • "Iavnana" Lullaby (Tsereteli), for a capella chorus
  • Tavisupleba (Georgian National Anthem)

Orchestral

  • Kartuli suita Georgian Suite, 1928

Songs

(solo voice and piano, all from 1908)
  • "Akhalagnago sulo" In love with youthful spirit (D. Tumanishvili)
  • "Miqvarda (I loved)" (I. Grishashvili)
  • "Nana shvilo" (Lullaby) (Ilia Chavchavadze)
  • "Nu tvaltmaktsob" (Don’t tempt me) (Grishashvili)
  • "Ristvis miqvarkhar" (Why do I love you) (Chavchavadze)

Other works

  • Collection of Georgian Folk Songs – 40 songs out of about 300 collected (1910)
  • arrangements of traditional songs
  • incidental music
  • conservatory student works (sonatas, preludes)

Principal publishers

  • Tbilisi
    • Muzfond Gruzii
  • Moscow/Leningrad
    • Muzgiz
    • Muzyka
    • Sovetskij kompozitor
Paliashvili
Information
Info: Georgian composer
Index: 6.3
Type: Person Male
Period: 1871.8.16 - 1933.10.6
Age: aged 62
Area :Georgia
Occupation :Composer
Periods :Modernist Music / Romantic Music

Artist

Update Time:2020-04-05 18:24 / 1 month, 3 weeks ago.