|Martynov: The Beatitudes||Composer||1998|
Vladimir Ivanovich Martynov(Russian: Влад́имир Ив́анович Марты́нов) (Moscow, 20 February 1946) is a Russian composer, known for his music in the concerto, orchestral music, chamber musicand choral musicgenres.
Vladimir Martynov studied pianoas a child. Gaining an interest in composition, he enrolled in the Moscow Conservatorywhere he studied piano under Mikhail Mezhlumovand composition under Nikolai Sidelnikov, graduating in 1971.
In his early works, such as the String Quartet (1966), the Concerto for oboe and flute (1968), Hexagramme for piano (1971), and Violin sonata (1973), Vladimir Martynov used serial music(or twelve-tone) technique. In 1973 he got a job at the studio for electronic music of the Alexander ScriabinMuseum. For Soviet composers of this era, this studio had much the same meaning as the RAI Electronic Music Studioin Milan, the West German Radio studio, and the ORTFStudio in Paris, providing a meeting ground for the avant-garde musicians. Sofia Gubaidulina, Sergei Nemtin, Alfred Schnittke, and Edison Denisovwere among the composers regularly working and meeting there.
Martynov helped to form a rock groupcalled Boomerang at the Scriabin Studio. For them he wrote a rock operaSeraphic Visions from St. Francis of Assisi(1978).
Vladimir Martynov is also known as a serious ethnomusicologist, specializing in the music of the Caucasian peoples, Tajikistan, and other ethnic groups in Russia. He also studied medieval Russian and European music, as well as religious musical history and musicology. While even in Soviet times this field of study was considered generally acceptable, it also allowed him to study theology, religious philosophy and history. Vladimir Martynov began studying early Russian religious chantin the late 1970s; he also studied Renaissancemusic of such composers as Machaut, Gabrieli, Isaac, Dufay, and Dunstable, publishing editions of their music. He became interested in the brand of minimalismdeveloping in the Soviet Union in the late 1970s: a static, spiritually-inspired style without the shimmering pulse of American minimalism.The timeless quality of chants and the lack of a sense of bar lines in Renaissance polyphonyentered into his version of minimalism.
At about this time, he began teaching at the Academy of Trinity Lavra of St. Sergiusin Sergiyev Posad.There was a period of consolidation in the early 1980s where he wrote music specifically tailored for use in church services, then resuming writing original music in his minimalist style. Among his works from this period is Come in!for violin and ensemble of 1988 which was performed by Gidon Kremerand by the composer's partner, Tatiana Grindenko.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union, he has written works that take on large Christian themes, such as Apocalypse(1991), Lamentations of Jeremiah(1992), Magnificat (1993), Stabat Mater(1994), and Requiem(1998). One of his major compositions is a nearly hour-long piece called Opus Posthumum (1993), devoted to the idea that "a man touches the truth twice. The first time is the first cry from a new born baby's lips and the last is the death rattle. Everything between is untruth to a greater or lesser extent." He also composed a much shorter Opus Prenatum and a work called Twelve Victories of King Arthurfor Seven Pianos (1990).
He has recordings on Le Chant du Monde's imprint "Les Saisons Russes" and on the Moscow-based independent label LongArms Records. In 2009 London Philharmonicgave the world premiere of his operaVita Nuova.The opera premiered in the U.S. at the new Alice Tully Hallon February 28, 2009. Martynov's composition "The Beatitudes", as performed by Kronos Quartet, featured in La Grande Bellezza(The Great Beauty), the winner of the 2014 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Vladimir Martynov has authored several books and seminal articles on musical theory, history and philosophy of music.
- String Quartet (1966)
- Concerto for Oboe and Flute (1968)
- Hexagramme for Piano (1971)
- Violin Sonata (1973)
- Seraphic Visions From St. Francis of Assisi (Rock Opera) (1978)
- Come In! for 2 Violins and Orchestra (1988)
- Twelve Victories of King Arthur for 7 Pianos (1990)
- Apocalypse (1991)
- Lamentations of Jeremiah (1992)
- Magnificat (1993)
- Opus Posthumum (1993)
- Stabat Mater (1994)
- Requiem (1998)
- Opus Prenatum
- Vita Nuova (Opera) (c. 2009)
- The Beatitudes