Overview

Kosaku Yamada (山田 耕筰 Yamada Kōsaku, 9 June 1886 – 29 December 1965) was a Japanese composer and conductor.

Top Works

Red Dragonfly Composer 1927

Biography

Kosaku Yamada (山田 耕筰 Yamada Kōsaku, 9 June 1886 – 29 December 1965) was a Japanese composer and conductor.

Name

In many Western reference books his name is given as Kôsçak Yamada. During his music study in the Imperial German capital of Berlin from 1910 to 1913 he hated the times when people laughed at him because his "normal" transliteration of his first name "Kosaku" sounded like the Italian "cosa" meaning "what" or "thing" + the German "Kuh" meaning "cow"; which resulted in his choosing a somewhat fanciful transliteration of Kôsçak Yamada ever since.

Biography

Yamada was born in Tokyo on 9 June 1886.

After studying at the Tokyo Music School, he left Japan for Germany where he enrolled in the Berlin Hochschule and learnt composition under Max Bruch and Karl Leopold Wolf and piano under Carl August Heymann-Rheineck, before returning to Japan. He travelled to the United States in 1918 for two years. During his stay in Manhattan, New York City he conducted the temporarily-organized orchestra, members of the New York Philharmonic and the New York Symphony, soon before their amalgamation.

Yamada left about 1,600 pieces of music. Especially, songs (Lieder) amount to 700 pieces of music excluding songs for schools, municipalities and companies. They were performed and recorded by many singers which include Kathleen Battle, Ernst Haefliger and Yoshikazu Mera. His opera Kurofune (The Black Ships) is regarded as one of the most famous Japanese operas.

As a conductor, Yamada made an effort to introduce many orchestral works to Japan. He was the first performer in Japan of Debussy's Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, Dvořák's Symphony No. 9, Gershwin's An American in Paris, Mosolov's Iron Foundry, Sibelius' Finlandia, Shostakovich's Symphony No. 1, Johann Strauss II's An der schönen blauen Donau, and Wagner's Siegfried Idyll.

Jacques Ibert's Ouverture de Fete was dedicated to the Japanese emperor and government for the 2,600th National Foundation Day in 1940 and premiered under the baton of Yamada.

Yamada died at his home in Tokyo of a heart attack on 29 December 1965.

Major compositions

Operas
  • Ayame (1931)
  • Kurofune (The Black Ships) (1940)
  • Hsìang Fei (1946) (four acts, seven scenes with a proemnia)
Other stage works
  • Maria Magdalena for ballet, after the drama of M. Maeterlinck (1916) (piano sketches were complete, but are now lost; the sketches were never developed)
Orchestral works
  • Overture in D major (1912)
  • Symphony in F major "Triumph and Peace" (1912)
  • The Dark Gate, symphonic poem (1913)
  • Madara No Hana, symphonic poem (1913)
  • Choreographic Symphony 'Maria Magdalena' (1918) (written from sketches for a ballet; first performed in Carnegie Hall)
  • Sinfonia "Inno Meiji" (1921)
  • Nagauta Symphony "Tsurukame" for voice, shamisen and orchestra (1934)
Chamber works
  • String Quartet No. 1 in F major
  • String Quartet No. 2 in G major
  • String Quartet No. 3 in C minor
  • Hochzeitsklange for piano quintet (1913)
  • Chanson triste japonaise for violin and piano (1921)
  • Suite japonaise for violin and piano (1924)
  • Variations on Kono-michi for flute and piano (1930)
Works for piano
  • New Year's Eve (1903)
  • Variationen (1912)
  • The Chimes of the Dawn (1916)
  • Les poèmes à Scriabin (1917)
  • Karatachi no hana [Karatachi-no-hana] for piano solo (1928)
Choral works
  • Die Herbstfeier for mixed chorus and orchestra (1912)
Songs
  • Song of AIYAN (1922)
  • Lullaby from the Chugoku Area [Chugoku chihō no komoriuta]
  • Karatachi no hana [Karatachi-no-hana]
  • Pechika
  • Kono michi [This Road]
  • Akatombo [Red Dragonfly] (1927)
  • Yuu-in
Information
Info: Japanese composer
Index: 7.1
Type: Person Male
Period: 1886.6.9 - 1965.12.29
Age: aged 79
Area :Japan
Occupation :Composer
Periods :Modernist Music / Romantic Music

Artist

Update Time:2020-05-10 21:37 / 3 years, 11 months ago.