|Ligeti: Le Grand Macabre||Composer||1974-1977|
György Sándor Ligeti (Hungarian: Ligeti György Sándor [ˈliɡɛti ˈɟørɟ ˈʃaːndor]; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a composer of contemporary classical music. He has been described as "one of the most important avant-garde composers in the latter half of the twentieth century" and "one of the most innovative and influential among progressive figures of his time".
Born in Transylvania, Romania, he lived in Hungary before emigrating to Austria in 1956, and became an Austrian citizen in 1968. In 1973 he became professor of composition at the Hamburg Hochschule für Musik und Theater until he retired in 1989. He died in Vienna in 2006.
Restricted by the authorities of Communist Hungary, only when he reached the west in 1956 could he fully develop his passion for the avant-garde and developing new compositional techniques. After experimenting with electronic composition in Cologne, his breakthrough came with orchestral works such as Atmosphères for which used the technique he later dubbed micropolyphony. After his opera Le Grand Macabre he shifted away from chromaticism and towards polyrhythm for his later works.
He is best known by the public for the use of his music in film soundtracks. Although he did not directly compose any film scores, excerpts of pieces composed by him were taken and adapted for film use. Most famously this occurred in the films of Stanley Kubrick, particularly with the music from 2001: A Space Odyssey, which also contained pieces from other classical composers.
Type： Person Male
Period： 1923.5.28 - 2006.6.12
Age： aged 83
Periods ：Modernist Music